against corn trade and for industry

Posted on July 27th, 2008 by admin and filed under Uncategorized
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Corn-Trade

The author of the “Examination of Colbert’s Ministry,” (Bruni, formerly Director of the India Company), thinks that corn, in a state where the arts flourish, should be an object of internal regulation, but never, from its nature, an object of commerce.

The same author says: “A state ought not to encourage cultivation with the immediate view of selling to another, but to do every thing in its power to encourage cultivation for home consumption. — In the system of interior consumption, the sate reckons two subjects (the one the seller, the other the purchaser), and clearly two benefits; since it is in the same state that the value of the property which is sold is formed, and becomes a firsts benefit; and also that labour has produced the value of industry, which has bought the value of subsistence, which is a second benefit of the same sort.

“A country which sells its provisions,when it might support labourers, its subjects, with them, gives to another its own population.”

M. Necker, on the same principles, adds: “It is Poland, degraded by a feudal government, that sells its grain to the industrious Dutch; it is Africa, ignorant and barbarous, that sells hers to Marseilles; it is infant America that sells her corn to full-grown Europe; it is France, enlightened by Colbert, that consumes hers herself.– I has been objected, that manufactories divert men from the cultivation of the earth, by offering them occupations more attractive. The reply is, that artizans are supported only by those superfluous provisions, which could not exist without cultivation; thus the arts are not the rivals of agriculture, but its encouragement and its reward. The colonies of a state, in order properly to answer the views of their possessor, should cultivate productions heterogeneous to those of the mother-country, but necessary or useful to its consumption; and should depend upon it for its subsistence, and for other objects of the first necessity. It is upon the exact observance of this conduct that their utility depends.”

from Memoirs of a Traveller, Now in Retirement, by Louis Dutens, R. Phillips [etc.], 1806, pp. 42-45.

typed by me, was impossible to select the proper text from “text view” of Google, and was full of spelling errors

Posted on Sunday, July 27th, 2008 at 2:19 AM and is filed under Uncategorized. RSS 2.0 feed.