grains, cattle, wax

Posted on July 27th, 2008 by admin and filed under Uncategorized

738. The agriculture of Moldavia and Wattachia, two of the most northerly provinces of European Turkey, has been given by various authors, as Carra, Bauer, and Thornton. The climate of those provinces is very severe in winter. Spring begins in April ; summer in June ; and in July and August the days are excessively hot, and the nights cold. Heavy rains begin in September, and snows in November. The surface is generally mountainous ; but the vallies dry and rich. The usual grains are cultivated, and also maize. They plough deep with six oxen, and never employ manure. They take a crop, and leave the land to rest alternately. The corn is trodden out by horses, and then laid up in pits. Flax and hemp are sown for local manufacture. Newly broken-up lands are planted with cabbages, which grow to a great size. The vine is cultivated on the southern declivities of hills, and the wine is said to equal that of Hungary. The mulberry is cultivated for the silkworm ; and forests are extensive on the mountains. The common fruit trees are abundant, and an excellent variety of apple, called the doiniasca, grows wild. The olive and fig are too delicate for the climate.

739. But the pasture lands are the most valuable parts of these provinces. The oxen are large and fleshy, and so numerous, that they form a principal article of export to Russia, Poland, and Germany. The buffalo thrives better here than in most parts of Europe ; and is valued for its strength and milk. The sheep winter on the Danube, and pass the summer on the Carpathian mountains ; their mutton is excellent, and the annual exportation of the wool into Germany is very considerable. There arc various breeds of horses ; they are brought up in great numbers, for the Austrian and Prussian cavalry. They arc well formed, spirited, docile, and remarkable for the soundness of their hoofs. The carriage and draught horses are small but active, and capable of resisting fatigue. They live in the open air in all seasons, though in winter they arc often attacked by wolves. Domestic fowls and game abound, especially hares. The honey and wine are of the finest quality. One author (Curra) mentions a kind of green wax, which, when m
ade into tapers, diffuses an excellent perfume when lighted. Many of the cottages partake of the Swiss character, and are more picturesque than those of Hungary or Russia (Jig. HO.)

from: An Encyclop√¶dia of Agriculture: Comprising the Theory and Practice of … by John Claudius Loudon, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, p. 122

Posted on Sunday, July 27th, 2008 at 1:36 AM and is filed under Uncategorized. RSS 2.0 feed.