Statistics of coal. The geographical and geological distribution of mineral combustibles

Posted on September 16th, 2009 by admin and filed under Uncategorized

Statistics of coal. The geographical and geological distribution of mineral combustibles or fossil fuel, including also notices and localities of the various mineral bituminous substances, employed in arts and manufactures,
Richard Cowling Taylor, Phyladelphia: J.W.Moore, 193 Chestnut Street, 1848,

p. 320:

“Tertiary lignite beds, worked as Coal–Brown Coal ” in Bessarabia, East Moldavia

p. 568


Wallachia or Valachie in European Turkey but under the Protection of Russia. — Not far from Tchernetz the tertiary beds present the appearance of a pseudo volcano in which the lignite deposits exhibit spontaneous combustion by the decomposition of sulphuret of iron. This combustion occasions a crateriform subsidence. The clay and the sand altered by the fire form scoriaceous masses; stony and even so vitrified as to produce a sort of jasper porcelain [note: M Huot Bulletin de la Soc Geol de France Vol X p 153]

Coal .– Several beds occur in the mountainous parts of Wallachia, towards the northern boundary formed by the primitive Carpathian mountains.

Lignite Bitumin Asphaltum Amber and Fossil Wax occur in the supercretaceous formations of the plains.

Naphtha or Petroleum springs also prevail in this province.

Moldavia — Principality united with Wallachia .– Coal in the bordering Carpathian mountains. Also lignite and bitumen in the plains similar to Wallachia.”

pp. 321-322:
amber in lignite in Wallachia

p. 608:
lack of quality coal in Russia, being imported from England

“The small coal for the sugar refinery business in Russia heretofore has been almost exclusively supplied from England it being the cheapest fuel that the manufacturers can obtain It was stated before a committee of Parliament in 1829 that this branch of manufacture in Russia was mainly dependent on the supply of English coal of the above description The quantity of English coal is annually increasing for the use of gas and sugar works.”

p. 609:
Bessarabia or Eastern Moldavia, the most south western Province of Russia in Europe
Lignite Upon one of the gulfs of the Danube named Yalpong in the lower part of Bessarabia, 50 versts from Ismail and opposite the town of [Bender ?] [sic], a great deposit of lignite was discovered by M. Lichfeldt. This fossil wood may become of great importance in that part of Russia now entirely deprived of forests. It occurs in a tertiary formation lying horizontally between coarse sand and calcareous clay. This lignite exists in the form of fossile masses of a greyish colour but passing in the lower portions into a deep black. In the upper parts are found quantities of the debris of wood, covered with bark; the pieces pressed upon one another and intermixed with the husks of grain. This wood is thought to be that of the lime tree. It lies nearly horizontal, as before stated, its roof being formed of the calcareous clay which is filled with many fossil shells. In the floor is a thin seam of resinous clay also containing shells.”

p. 735:
“Lignites, and fossilized trees, and plants not mined as coal” in Wallachia

p. 713:
“Asphalte or Asphaltum in Moldavia,568 in Wallachia, 568″

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